Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Free Essays on Roman Religion Vs Todays Religion

Roman Religion in A Romans Everyday Life versus Religion's Effects on Today We Romans, said Cicero, owe our matchless quality in general different people groups to our devotion and strict observances and to our shrewdness in accepting that the soul of the divine beings governs and coordinates everything. Roman rituals and observances took two fundamental structures. One was the residential respect of the soul or virtuoso of the family. The other was the open disposition to the divine beings and goddesses by whom the predetermination and government assistance of the Roman individuals all in all should be guided and controlled. During the Classical time frame, strict recognition went with exceptionally significant private and open occasions and exchanges and, no fruitful result abandoned a promise of thanks or open commitment. Sanctuaries, clerics and hallowed rituals were given by the State. Nothing in the idea of strict administrations as we probably am aware them, in which the collection of admirers in general had the option to take an interest, appears to have been praised in the sanctuaries. Any set types of petitions, psalms or serenades were performed exclusively by the official clerics whose insider facts they remained. The normal Roman man or lady had minimal individual part to play in such customs (Handbook To Life In Ancient Greece). While they were being attempted and satisfied it was the obligation of the common resident not to meddle or make any unsettling influence and to abstain from any business issues. At the point when strictly disapproved of Roman dropped in to a sanctuary so as to love the god or goddess whose house it was , they had some down to earth object in see : some close to home kindness or favorable position. They came and maybe consume incenses. While supplicating they remained with improved palms. Some of the time they got as near the picture of the god as they could so as to murmur their requests; the feet of a portion of the pictures were worn by the kisses of ages of admirers. Notwithstanding paying a c harge for confirmation, the appreciative applicant for divine guide likewise brought penances and grateful off... Free Essays on Roman Religion Vs Today's Religion Free Essays on Roman Religion Vs Today's Religion Roman Religion in A Romans Everyday Life versus Religion's Effects on Today We Romans, said Cicero, owe our matchless quality generally different people groups to our devotion and strict observances and to our shrewdness in accepting that the soul of the divine beings controls and coordinates everything. Roman customs and observances took two principle structures. One was the local adoration of the soul or virtuoso of the family. The other was the open demeanor to the divine beings and goddesses by whom the fate and government assistance of the Roman individuals all in all should be guided and controlled. During the Classical time frame, strict recognition went with terrifically significant private and open occasions and exchanges and, no fruitful result abandoned a promise of thanks or open commitment. Sanctuaries, ministers and hallowed rituals were given by the State. Nothing in the idea of strict administrations as we probably am aware them, in which the group of admirers in general had the option to take an interest, appears to have been commended in th e sanctuaries. Any set types of petitions, songs or serenades were performed exclusively by the official ministers whose insider facts they remained. The customary Roman man or lady had minimal individual part to play in such rituals (Handbook To Life In Ancient Greece). While they were being embraced and satisfied it was the obligation of the customary resident not to meddle or make any aggravation and to abstain from any business issues. At the point when strictly disapproved of Roman dropped in to a sanctuary so as to venerate the god or goddess whose house it was , they had some pragmatic item in see : some close to home kindness or favorable position. They came and maybe consume incenses. While imploring they remained with improved palms. Once in a while they got as near the picture of the god as they could so as to murmur their supplications; the feet of a portion of the pictures were worn by the kisses of ages of admirers. Notwithstanding paying a charge for confirmation, the appreciative candidate for divine guide additionally brought penances and grateful off...

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Wake up before its too late

Wake up before its past the point of no return Great morning Ladies and Gentlemen. ‘When the well is dry, we will know the estimation of water-these celebrated words by Benjamin Franklin clearly portray the world we live in today. It is just when we come up short on things that we underestimate, that we understand how significant and precious it truly was. Lamentably, at that point it is normally past the point where it is possible to retouch the harm. I might want to begin with a little story that occurred at an ocean side. Each time a wave washed ashore, it would convey a few many starfish, store them shorewards and afterward the waves would rejoin with the ocean. As all of you know, starfish can just get by ashore for a couple of days. A little fellow concluded this needed to stop. The demise of these wondrous animals profoundly upset him. Resolved to stop this horrendous destiny, he set about attempting to spare them by getting every one and tossing it over into the ocean. A man went over him and inquisitively asked, â€Å"Why trouble tossing the starfish once again into the ocean? Each time you toss one, twelve more wash over the beach!† â€Å"Well,† said the kid, stooping down to pick a starfish, â€Å"At least, Im sparing this one,† as he tossed it once again into the ocean. Women and Gentlemen, it is my incredible joy to address this significant meeting at the twelfth Annual International Conference on the Environment. I might want to offer my sincerest thanks towards every one of you for your august nearness. Today, I remain here, positive that I talk for the benefit of a few others, with comparable concerns and trusts later on for our planet. I am going to inform you regarding the three natural issues, which, as I would like to think, are the most squeezing issues that should be managed, to recuperate our Mother Earth, to spare it from devastation. Let me mention to you what is befalling our planet Earth, what will befall it in the event that we don't authorize a change, as of now. Right off the bat, let me take you on an excursion to todays tropical rainforests. We have sliced trees to serve our own advantages. We have sliced trees to extend our horticulture. We have sliced trees to misuse oil to use in our manufacturing plants. We have sliced trees to use in our paper, furniture and building enterprises, to give some examples. This has without a doubt empowered us to have an agreeable life. Be that as it may, there are constantly different sides to a coin. Lets sneak a look at the opposite side. We have cut our single, most basic wellspring of oxygen. Rainforests are far beyond our average picture of just trees and bushes. They are a home to probably the most differing types of plants and creatures and we are negligently crushing it. Our tree cutting is additionally causing soil disintegration, flooding and a dangerous atmosp heric devation. We have been looking for approaches to make our life agreeable. Our solaces have made distresses for our Mother Earth. We have, rather, overlooked it for own benefit, for our prompt needs and needs. Trees can not be chopped down one day and afterward be relied upon to develop back the next day. So let us wake up before it is past the point of no return! Presently, let us adventure from the rainforests to the immense seas and oceans. Since the start of humankind, water has been the key wellspring of development. It has been our legacy and we owe everything to it. As all of you know, water covers about 70% of the Earths surface. Be that as it may, just 3% of it is new which can be utilized for drinking or water system. As of late, during my visit to a shoreline, my eyes were opened to the sheer measures of disposed of waste, extending from the sea shores to the ocean. I was dismayed by the measure of startling litter flung over the sea shore. Individuals mercilessly toss syringes, elastic shoes, plastic containers, packs and tins on the sea shore. Wastewater from manufacturing plants and businesses, and bug sprays from ranches had additionally wound up in the ocean. This outcomes in the jeopardizing of marine biological systems and furthermore makes the water unsafe for human utilization. As the total populace develops, the requiremen t for water likewise increments. Around 1.1 billion individuals on the planet don't approach safe water; this is about one 6th of the universes populace. On the off chance that we don't act quick to forestall water contamination, it wont be some time before our Earth will abandon a blue planet to a grimy blue planet. So let us wake up before it is past the point of no return! At long last, let us travel to the upper air and get a nearby of what is really occurring there. Downpour our wellspring of water-has additionally gotten perilous. There is an undeniably high grouping of contamination gases worldwide from power stations, industrial facilities and vehicles. These gases have broken down with modest beads in the mists to frame corrosive downpour. The confirmation of this is the acclaimed site in India-the Taj Mahal. The impacts of corrosive downpour have removed cost and endured the wonderful marble. That isn't all! The ozone layer-the shield which shields the Earths surface from the hazardous beams of the sun is being crushed because of air contamination. Today, there is an enormous gap over the Antarctica. The rundown of such habits is simply interminable. As a general public, we have to comprehend that our activities have significant ramifications on the condition that can be for all intents and purposes irreversible. So let us wake up before it is p ast the point of no return! Recall to the timberland fires in Scandinavia, to the perishing coral reefs in Fiji, to the flooding in Manila and afterward recollect all the tales that we know about charity and quietude showed by people everywhere throughout the world consistently. The entirety of this is verification that we give it a second thought, that we are superbly equipped for characterizing what is good and bad and from that point defending what is correct, staying standing for one another, and going to bat for the earth. Notwithstanding the entirety of our narrow minded acts, we as a whole have a feeling of empathy prized inside us. Together, let us develop this empathy towards making a productive future for our planet. The inquiry is the secret. By what method can you as an individual empower a change to support nature? How might you guarantee that you will never need to leave the lanes to confront an endless scene of exposed state? In all actuality we can not resolve this issue without a joint exertion. Actually we can roll out an improvement, all we need is determination. Truly it might be testing, however it will likewise, assuredly, bear the products of the seeds we have planted. The organic products that will be delighted in, by us or our kids, yet in addition, the offspring of things to come the individuals who are not yet conceived, those, who we will never know and never meet, they are the ones who need us the most. In the event that we as people step up to the plate and make a perfect situation nothing is inconceivable. We should begin with the easily overlooked details, for example, sparing vitality and discarding litter appropriately, which, all alone, can have a colossal effect. A cognizance ought to be developed in us. It is at exactly that point that we will have the option to progress to taking a shot at significant issues. On the off chance that we as a whole work together from a nearby scale, to a national scale and in the long run a worldwide scale we will most unquestionably have the option to re-make an excellent earth to live in, for the age of today as well as for some more ages, yet to come. We should hold hands to ensure our condition, hold hands to make sure about its future and hold hands to guarantee a superior spot for our people in the future. Together, we can roll out an improvement, an improvement; we can roll out an improvement today. It is never simple to acknowledge rout, to acknowledge disappointment and to concede that we didnt do what's necessary. Let us trust that the day never comes when we lament our activities. Let us act currently to forestall our own one of a kind hopelessness, regret and hatred for what we may lose on account of what we didnt do. Lets not allow us to ask ourselves-‘How did we get to this? I encourage you currently to do each and every piece you can to profit the earth. Let us not hold up till its past the point of no return. On this note, I might want to end by saying that each and every activity will have any kind of effect. Each and every activity checks. Much the same as the young man at the beach, we too should spare each and every starfish that we can. Much thanks for your benevolent consideration, women and respectable men.

Monday, July 27, 2020

Changes to the 2015-2016 Common Application Essay

Changes to the 2015-2016 Common Application Essay Welcome Changes to the 2015-2016 Common Application Essay Welcome Changes to the 2015-2016 Common Application Essay Here it is, folks â€" the moment we’ve all been waiting for. The  announcement of Jon Stewart’s replacement  on The Daily Show! The  appearance of Jay-Z’s new celebrity-hyped streaming music player! The release of brand new  dancing FLOTUS  and  singing Rock  videos! JKJK. Clearly we here at CEA  have actually spent the last few days hovering over our computers  with the rest of the admissions nerds of the world, gobbling up  meditations on Frank Bruni’s incisive and insightful new book  (and perhaps watching an  occasional cat video) in anticipation of the  release of the 2015-2016 Common Application essay questions. The prompts  were finally confirmed this past Tuesday, March 30 and  college counselors and  admissions experts  let out a collective sigh of relief. Let us be the first to tell you, 2015-2016 college applicants: these questions are  your friends. The Common Application essay is an  assignment that has  traditionally struck fear in the hearts of many a teenager; but since the Common App’s major overhaul in 2013, the updated questions  have garnered overall positive reviews from applicants and admissions folks alike and thus, remained fairly consistent. This year the Common App decided to make some tweaks to the essay and essay submission process and most  of the changes the Common App will be implementing are for the better, including some glorious (and  long overdue) improvements to the online interface. Students will now be able to  preview each individual page of their application, instead of wondering whether one wrong push of a preview button at the end of the process will preemptively send an application out to a hundred virtual inboxes.  A recent announcement from the Common App  also suggested that supplemental essay requirements from individual schools will be reflected in multiple areas of the application,  offerin g solace  to those of us who engaged in the Easter egg hunt required to find schools’ supplemental essays and short answers in previous years. The platform will allow unlimited editing on all essays at any time, a change from the three-edit maximum imposed on the personal statement last year. In addition to these technical upgrades, the Common App has also changed their basic requirement rules, now allowing schools to decide whether or not they want to assign their applicants the App’s main essay. Students shouldn’t do a celebratory fist pump just yet â€" a request for the Common App essay from even one school will demand that applicants put their all into every one of those 650 words. Additionally, students can choose to submit this essay even if a school doesn’t require it (which is probably a good idea). That said, it is nice to see the Common Application adjusting to accommodate the needs and desires of a wide range of academic institutions. After all, the original purpose of the Common App was to make the admissions process easier and more streamlined for students and colleges â€" not to shackle them to a new set of immovable standards. Changes were also made to three out of five of the prompts, including some simple clarifying edits and one complete replacement. As the Common App notes on their website, revisions appear in italics: 1. Some students have a background, identity, interest, or talent that is so meaningful they believe their application would be incomplete without it.  If this sounds like you, then please share your story. While the preponderance of italics makes it seem as though this question has changed dramatically from last year’s, the meat of this prompt remains much the same. In its previous incarnation the question asked students for a “background story,” which has been changed to reflect the difference between “background” and “identity” and include “interest” and “talent” as areas for exploration. Applicants have been treating this prompt as the “Topic of Your Choice” (or what I call the “Choose Your Own Adventure” prompt) since it was issued, and the most recent changes makes it even easier to do so. No matter what story or quality a student wants to write about, it will likely be easily molded to fit this prompt. 2.  The lessons we take from failure can be fundamental to later success.Recount an incident or time when you experienced failure. How did it affect you, and what did you learn from the experience? For the past two years in my  Common Application Essay Prompts: A Guide, I have stressed that a question about failure is, in fact, a question about success. This year’s amended prompt makes this point irrefutably clear. Students’ approach to this question should not change much from the strategy of applicants past and responses should aim to showcase resilience and a refusal to submit to life’s greatest challenges. 3. Reflect on a time when you challenged a belief or idea. What prompted you to act? Would you make the same decision again? My feelings about this prompt have always been lukewarm and I was a little sad to find it had not changed since last year’s application. In my experience, students have a tendency to address this like an issue paper or debate response and the ultimate goal of opening a window into their larger thought processes is easily lost. Many students also gravitate towards controversial topics that have the potential to challenge an admissions officer’s personal beliefs and values, which is not always a bad thing; but it is certainly a risk. Unless a student feels passionately about addressing this prompt, I often steer him/her away from it. 4. Describe a problem you’ve solved or a problem you’d like to solve. It can be an intellectual challenge, a research query, an ethical dilemma-anything that is of personal importance, no matter the scale. Explain its significance to you and what steps you took or could be taken to identify a solution. I’ll admit it. I am sad about the disappearance of the “Describe a place or environment in which you are perfectly content.” prompt (RIP). This was one of the only prompts from the 2013 revised Common App that easily facilitated unhindered exploration of a student’s life and passions in both subject and form. The question that has replaced it is similar in nature to prompt number two. While asking applicants to map out a problem, the prompt is really meant to tease out a student’s problem solving skills and provide a glimpse into an applicant’s frame of mind while dealing with challenges. In giving applicants the option to discuss a potential future issue, the question also opens the door for more imaginative approaches to the personal essay. 5. Discuss an accomplishment or event, formal or informal, that marked your transition from childhood to adulthood within your culture, community, or family. This the second prompt that will appear on the 2015-2016 app unchanged. In the past students have been naturally inspired by this question and I have always felt it was a strong addition to the mix. When you’re seventeen, what is life but a series of transitions from childhood to adulthood? While students often have the impulse to write about large-scale life events, they shouldn’t discount the power of informal moments given life through good storytelling. Small moments that are representative of larger personality traits often make for the best essay fodder. Regardless of the Common App essay changes and the new challenges/advantages they may present, the release of this information in early April is good news for students. There is nothing more valuable in the essay writing process than a head start. While we dont suggest students begin the actual writing process this early in the game, it often takes a time (and maybe another cat video  or  two) to unearth  those magic ideas.  Now students can begin to ponder (sans the inevitable, if unhealthy, pressure), which of their glittering, intangible elements they might want to reveal to admissions one carefully crafted word at a time. Contact us to  riff on the new prompts with one of our  experts. Check out Tips for Brainstorming Essay Topics. About Stacey BrookStacey Brook is an accomplished writer and admissions expert who has spent the last decade helping students conceptualize, edit and refine their college essays.View all posts by Stacey Brook » | Website

Friday, May 22, 2020

The effectiveness of HRM should be assessed only by financial measures - Negative and Affirmative Free Essay Example, 1500 words

The Effectiveness of HRM should be Assessed by Other Measures In a study conducted by Crawford (2005, 3), he averred that â€Å"the multiple constituency approach to HRM effectiveness adopts the multiple constituency model of organizational effectiveness, which is the most appropriate for evaluating HRM. This approach considers the influences of key stakeholders in the organization. † Literatures presenting various approaches to measure the effectiveness of HR performance indicated the Balanced Scorecard approach as translating â€Å"strategy into operational terms by measuring a full range of perspectives: financial, customer, internal, and learning and growth. † (OPM, 1999, 19). In a paper written by Cabrera thus, it acts as a management, rather than measurement, system by helping managers to better understand how different measures are related and how they ultimately contribute to financial results (Bontis, et al. , 1999)†. The research of OPM discussed other measures of HRM effectiveness including benchmarking (â€Å"a systematic process of measuring an organization’s products, services, and practices against those of a like organization that is a recognized leader in the studied area† (OPM, 1999, 18); activity based costing, a method aimed to determine the true cost for a product or service; and the â€Å"Malcolm Baldrige and the President’s Quality Award Criteria, based on a set of core values and concepts that integrate key business requirements into a results-oriented framework (OPM, 1999, 20)†. More importantly, as the roles and functions of HRM become more diverse adapting to the demands of the times, the means to assess its effectiveness evolves into encompassing areas of employee development (employee behavior, attitudes and skills), competencies, performance, as these attributes all contribute to the achievement of organizational goals. We will write a custom essay sample on The effectiveness of HRM should be assessed only by financial measures - Negative and Affirmative or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/pageorder now As aptly concluded by Cabrera & Cabrera, â€Å"no longer are operational measures of internal efficiency sufficient. HR departments must be able to demonstrate the value of their strategic contributions† (2003, 3). According to Crawford, â€Å"from a HRM perspective, the multiple constituency approach can be operationalized by measuring HRM effectiveness from the perspective of HRMs internal and external stakeholders (such as top management, line management, employees, customers, and trade unions). This particular approach demonstrates the responsiveness of HRM to the demands of a variety of stakeholders who may hold different opinions regarding the effectiveness of the function.

Saturday, May 9, 2020

What Does You Do You Know Yourself - 816 Words

From the moment we start school, we enter a world where social skills are important and friendships begin to form. Initially, we â€Å"make friends† with kids that sit near us in class, or ride the same bus. But, as we age the connection to others depends more on common interests than on geography. This is certainly true as we form friendships as teens and young adults, and even more so as we start searching for a life partner. But even when the stars align and it seems as though you have found your â€Å"soulmate†, there can be questions. With the divorce rate on the rise, many couples are left wondering if the choice they made so many years ago was correct. In order to help figure out if you have married the wrong person, and to gain an understanding of how such a thing could happen, consider the following: ââ€"  How well do you know yourself? This is a question we should all ask ourselves when making the decision to commit our lives to another person. If you are unable to figure out what is important to you personally, it will be difficult to share common goals with a spouse. Sometimes an honest look at who you are can save you heartache in the future. ââ€"  How well do you know your mate, and understand their needs? If you are not able to show compassion to the needs of your partner, it may be that you just don’t understand them. When two people are not on the same page about the basic goals of a marriage, it will be near impossible to make the relationship last. ââ€"  What is your motiveShow MoreRelatedThe Meaning of Respect Essay747 Words   |  3 Pagesand always hear about the word respect, but they don’t know what it means. Respect is the esteem for or a sense of the worth or excellence of a person. There are things in life you need to hold in respect. Respect for yourself, respect for others, and respect for property. Respect is taught to people everywhere and it is even taught to them in their religions. Respect is the very aspect that keeps everything in your life. Respect for yourself is very important to a person because it can be the balancingRead MoreA Brief Note On The And Effective Method By Employers For Employee Selection994 Words   |  4 Pagesminutes to form their own opinion of you; with that being said, your initial presentation of yourself, visually and verbally can stop you from being successful before the actual interview begins. You have to be able to understand what the employer is looking for, and you need to present your case of why would you be an asset to the prospective employer. It all amounts to how well you can sell yourself; in the next few paragraphs, I will discuss a few steps in which you can also reference as a checklistRead MoreWhy Do People Love And Hate Chinese Food?1197 Words   |  5 PagesHow are you different from every other human being on this planet? While it is true that we re all here sharing the experience of being human, and that gives us commonality, we are each totally unique beings having our ow n unique experience of life. Think about it. You can see this truth in the simplest of things. Some people love the beach while others love the mountains. Some people love Chinese food, while others hate it. Some people love modern art; others hate it. Some people like trucks whileRead MoreShould Television Be Public Consumption?825 Words   |  4 Pageswas by Randall Smith. Here s the introduction: What’s the one thing you never see people on television doing? They’re shown fighting, swimming nude, having sex, using the restroom, and a host of other things you wouldn’t expect would be fodder for public consumption. But one thing people on television never (or almost never) do is watch television. This is odd, since people who want you to do something usually try to make you think â€Å"everyone is doing it.† Thus in Nike ads, everyone seems to beRead MoreThe Prayer Of A Good Shepherd950 Words   |  4 Pageshear the fruits of preaching of the apostles. In the second that we just heart we have an image of the New Jerusalem, the promise to those who fulfill Gods commandment, finally the gospel, which is the apex of today celebration we can see what really matters, what is really important: LOVE! Love Some years ago I accompany a group of youth of the parish to the WYD in Rio De Janairo. The most important day this pilgrimage is the vigil night and the following mass with the Pope. The vigil and the massRead MoreThe Tragedy of Sexual Molestation of a Child Essay748 Words   |  3 PagesImagine yourself as a child. More specifically, a young boy. Life as a child seems simple enough. While you are young you have care givers who try to make sure that everything is done for you. But there is still the matter of growing up. When you are young, adults cherish your innocence. Everyone just wants to protect you from the dangers of the world. You are a symbol of hope, with the whole world ahead of you. What if the innocence that all of your loved ones cherish, no longer exists? AllRead MoreThe Theory Of Moral Sentiments And The Wealth Of Nations1509 Words   |  7 PagesHow Adam smith can change your life, at the beginning the author gives you a history of Adam smith and all that he has done. From his books: The theory of moral sentiments and the wealth of nations. How can someone from two hundred and fifty years ago, a Scottish moral philosopher can still be relevant currently in 2016. Why is because of the questions that he asked in his two books above some of which have been through different editions like The Theory of Moral Sentiments. The author of this bookRead MoreThe Person Who Changed My Life744 Words   |  3 Pageschange my life Who has been a influence to you? Mom, dad, or anyone in your life? Well, there always that someone or person who has or had influenced you or even changed your life during you past years in your life. My influence is my one and only father. My father has influenced me in so many ways that has actually changed my life. The main three ways were for me to keep on task, keep safe and stay out of drugs and, and mostly, to believe in yourself. First of all, school is a hard thing to concentrateRead MoreAre You Needlessly Recycling Emotional Pain?1318 Words   |  6 PagesAre You Needlessly Recycling Emotional Pain? How to Let Go and Move on By Maria McMahon | Submitted On October 08, 2014 Recommend Article Article Comments Print Article Share this article on Facebook Share this article on Twitter Share this article on Google+ Share this article on Linkedin Share this article on StumbleUpon Share this article on Delicious Share this article on Digg Share this article on Reddit Share this article on Pinterest Expert Author Maria McMahon In my experience asRead MoreWhat Does It Mean to Be an Adult?777 Words   |  4 PagesWhat does it mean to be an adult? Does accountability make a person an adult? Does learning and improving on past experiences make someone an adult? Will caring for one’s self make somebody an adult? These are all small pieces to the puzzle but there is more to an adult then being a self-reliant, hardworking individual that pays their bills on time. In my opinion, you can be sixteen years old and be classified as an adult or twenty eight years old and not be an adult. Being an adult means that

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Gender an Ambiguous Factor Free Essays

Referencing the role that gender played in early twentieth century rural life made for an interesting character dynamic in this play. Susan Glaspell’s Trifles presents a murder mystery with a slightly twisted plot. The play itself, at first glance, seems simple enough. We will write a custom essay sample on Gender: an Ambiguous Factor or any similar topic only for you Order Now A man is murdered, his wife thought to be the murderer. An investigation is forged in their quaint farmhouse. However, the men are unable to find anything that leads to a motive. But then the twist! The women are able to solve the murder and choose not to share the findings with their husbands. What exactly hinders the investigation set forth by the men? A case can be made in gender differences. The mental approach of each sex determines everything. The dynamic between the women, their husbands, and the county attorney creates a mental divide that cannot be bridged. Inevitably, what appears to be a simple plot, seemingly filled with mere trifles, the end of the play quickly develops into something that is almost surreal. Within a casual conversation the women, Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters, manage to recreate Minnie Wright’s state of mind – seemingly putting themselves through her last day in the farmhouse. In an article analyzing the play, Suzy Clarkson Holstein remarks that, â€Å"the play represents a profound conflict between two models of perception and behavior† (Holstein 282). On the whole, the men and women involved observed the identical information – with the exception of the canary. However, minus the canary, the women were already reconstructing Minnie’s life with John Wright. In their reconstruction they are able to uncover and comprehend evidence that would seem like useless information to the formal investigation the men were conducting. The county attorney searching the Wrights’ home cannot detect the significance in a loaf of bread left out of the breadbox, a kitchen table half wiped, a quilt in progress, and a missing pet canary† (Marsh 201-02). These simple details prove to be the key to ending the mystery. Holstein’s analysis goes on to mention the â€Å"ultimate moral choice† as presented to the women. Here she referen ces, â€Å"their way of knowing leads them not simply to knowledge; it also leads to the decision about how to act on that knowledge† (Holstein 282). On the notion of morality alone, the reader must analyze several debates. What exactly is at stake here for these women? And, if they withhold information from the investigation, are they harming themselves? The men have been neglecting the observations of the women, even teasing them for their observations. Mr. Hale comments, â€Å" Well, women are used to worrying over trifles† (Glaspell 938) and later, overhearing a conversation between the women, Sheriff Peters comments, â€Å"They wonder if she was going to quilt it or just knot it† (Glaspell 941). Immediately after his remark the stage directions state, â€Å"The men laugh, the women look abashed† (Glaspell 941). There isn’t even the slightest hint of spousal respect here! The men dismiss the thoughts of the women because they are merely women. They do not believe that they could be of any aid to the investigation at hand. Have the women compromised their morality when evading the truth with their husbands? The men’s perspective is completely regimented. Their tunnel vision approach seems to be a hindrance in the investigation. They are unable to come to any conclusions about Mrs. Wright’s motive to kill her husband. In the final moments of dialogue, Mr. Henderson can be heard saying, â€Å"No, Peters, it’s all perfectly clear except a reason for doing it†¦ If there was some definite thing†¦ a thing that would connect up with this strange way of doing it – â€Å" (Glaspell 945). Holstein’s article in â€Å"The Midwest Quarterly† makes an interesting statement comparing biological and cultural issues in regards to the way both parties observe the facts. â€Å"Certainly, during the early part of the twentieth century, the duties and structures of women’s lives would have predisposed them to approach a problem from a different angle than that of the men† (Holstein 288). This is evident in her mention of sex vs. gender and its implications. Sex, referring strictly to the biological, and gender, referring strictly to the cultural implications of gender roles in society. â€Å"The men, Mann argues†¦ strove to be first with a quick, firm answer. Women on the other hand valued cooperation and worked to interconnect, taking time to make up their minds† (qtd. in Holstein 289). The juxtaposition of these two terms most always sparks an interesting debate. Some see them as one in the same, while others see them as two completely separate entities. The debate between sex and gender comes up often in the debate on transgender issues. â€Å"Just as Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters understand well the hardships of the rural lifestyle they share with the accused Mrs. Wright, so Elle finds that the accused Mrs. Windham is a ‘peer’† (Marsh 201). This statement draws parallels between Trifles and the 2001 film, Legally Blonde. In a 2005 article for â€Å"Literature Film Quarterly,† Kelly A. Marsh paired the message of sisterhood in the pages of Trifles with similar messages in a 21st century blockbuster hit. The similarities in these two works are uncanny and whether the parallels are intentional is unclear. Marsh explains, â€Å" the key evidence in both cases is precisely the evidence that the men overlook† (Marsh 201). Parallels at many levels can be drawn from Glaspell’s text. The women’s ability to uncover key points of evidence and solve this murder mystery speaks volumes to their characters, and, their husbands’ inability to see things for what they really are. â€Å"The women in this play develop a highly differentiated and reflective moral schema† (Holstein 288). They make conscious decisions to hide the evidence that solves the murder from the men. In the closing stage directions, Glaspell writes, â€Å"Suddenly Mrs. Peters throws back quilt pieces and tries to put the box in the bag she is wearing. It is too big. Sound of a doorknob turning in the other room. Mrs. Hale snatches the box and puts it in the pocket of her big coat† (Glaspell 945). In this moment the women have overcome their husbands and shown that their mere trifles can indeed come in handy. 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Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Lysistrata An Anti

Introduction Aristophanes’ Lysistrata discloses not only social relations, reconciliation, and salvation through protest; it also represents anti-war motives achieved through woman’s remonstration as the only means to safe Greece from destructions.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Lysistrata: An Anti-War Play specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The action evolves around the idea to come about the salvation of Greek people that is hatched by the main heroine of the play Lysistrata who encourages all women of Greece to withhold their marriage obligations if men do not put an end to the war. Agreeing upon the plan, all women take control of Acropolis and seize the treasure gained by men during the war. Enormous efforts are made by women to take advantage of their husbands and stop enmity between the belligerents. Initiating the struggle between sexes and striking against violence and war, Lysistrata makes men agree to women’s terms to stop the fight and arrange a peace agreement. The main heroine manages to bring salvation and reconciliation while negotiating with males and representing herself as a Reconciliation’s body. She proves close connection between sexual desire and political negotiation being intertwined as the ambassadors whose tandem contributes to peace making. In this respect, Lysistrata is seen as an exceptional heroine whose intelligence, wisdom, and feministic inclination help overcome aggressiveness, violence, and injustice initiated by men. She, therefore, can be presented as a symbol of peace, pleasure, and reconciliation at the same time. Presenting Lysistrata as an Exceptional Character in Peace Making Presenting Lysistrata within Historical Context Interestingly, heroine’s name literary translates as the arms disbander, which emphasizes the scope of her mission in the war. Lysistrata’s methods cannot be called purely pacifist because not all of her deeds are subject to non-violent approaches. This creates a certain ambivalence of the anti-war characters of the play without distorting its main idea of peace-making. In this respect, the heroine’s resolute steps taken to stop the Peloponnesian War between Sparta and Athens can be regarded as nothing more but a women’s attempt to return her husband to home. As such, Lysistrata can considered as an exceptional character who manages to present the concept of peace as being closely associated with natural order of things where human welfare depends on mundane needs and pleasures (Dillon 98).Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Despite the fact that there is a rigid confrontation between the Spartans and the Athenians whose identities are quite associated and, within this context, Lysistrata unites those two identities to unite Greece. All her deeds are directed at preserving common cultural and national heritage of Athens and Sparta: â€Å"Protector, we hold thy temple;/ And I entreat thine aid, Athene,/ If any set fire to use done here† (Aristophanes 20). In this song, Lysistrata is compared with the goddess Athena because both figures contributed to the war prevention, acting as the protectors. Both heroines are intelligent and wise as they acknowledge their erudition and realize the violence can be substituted by a common sense. Introducing Reconciliation through Protest Lysistrata’s method can be considered quite contradicting because she gains peace both through revolt and through reconciliation. When the heroine finally manages to bring the conflicting parties to the negotiation table, Reconciliation’s body is introduced to the stage where Lysistrata is presented as a powerful instrument for making peace between the Spartans and the Athenians. According to O’Higgins, â€Å"Reconciliation literary embodies Greece in their eyes, and their claims on individual parts of her evoke the grotesqueries of civil war† and â€Å"Lysistrata redirects their sexual desire away from destructive dreams of territorial monopoly toward the legitimate sexual monopolies of the marriage bed† (167). Struggling parties are now under the influence of female opportunism where the heroine’s beautiful body symbolizes the powerlessness of males in the face of pleasure and sexual desire that bring together all men when opposing political views on war. Beside the heroine’ body, the author attains importance to Lysistrata’s monologues where she calls men and women to reunite and dance: â€Å"Let every man with his beloved dance for joy and bless the god for this event†¦Dance then, oh dance for joy.† (Aristophanes 72). Like in previous representations, the heroine expresses her superiority over men as she can restore the previously existing harmony of male-female relatio nships.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Lysistrata: An Anti-War Play specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Interpreting Attitudes to War through Gender and Battle of Sexes Feministic Approaches to Reaching Peace Some aspects and key points of the play underscore some feministic tendencies in resolving the conflict. Lysistrata, in this respect, is often represented in the feminist light due to the rise of gender battles aimed at achieving women’s interests and interest of society. In fact, this point of view is partially mistaken. According to Deats, Lenker, and Perry, â€Å"the balance between sexes†¦has certainly been adjusted in the women’s favor, during the course of the action, the comedy returns to the status quo and the comfortable restitution of an idealized patriarchy† (57). In this regard, no matter how beneficent the female conspire is for the Greece, it is still presented as the o utbreak of discrepancies within the polis and family, and femininity is correlated with tyranny and bestiality. Despite this, the play should be regarded as a feminist text because it sustains it status of an anti-war text because here female energy is represented as life giving and nurturing (Deats, Lenker, and Perry 57). Exaggerated accent on femininity of the play is still misconceived because sexist thinking here is underscored in terms of achieving harmony in human relations. In particular, the concept presented in the play only emphasizes the idea of equal role of men and women in making the world better and more peaceful. Aristophanes also makes use of irony to underline that some male’s decisions are, one way or another, influenced by women and, therefore, the patriarchal way of thinking should be subject to doubt in Roman and Greek history. According to Scolnicov, the play can be fairly called the most feminist because the main heroine manages to rebel against women and create an absolute cultural upheaval (35). The incredible wisdom, militancy of female provides a picture of a general sex-strive against the male hegemony. In the play, Aristophanes explains the nature of the adversities standing on the way to Lysistrata’s attempt to reach the upheaval: â€Å"Oh, women, women! Are we nothing but a frail sex!† (Aristophanes 29). The line reveal that women’s determination and strength is limited to many social commitments and obligations that prevent them from taking advantage of their conditions and from taking steps against war.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Battle of Sexes for the Sake of Peace Beside feminist tendencies and sex-strike, the play also represents the exaggerated concepts of femininity and masculinity. In particular, any displays of gender are parodied by the playwright to show how hopelessness men are in the face of women’s naked body. The depiction of women dressed like a man only emphasizes Lysistrata’s intention to show female superiority over males (Deats, Lenker, and Perry 58). Hence, by reducing women and men to their most basic, biological characteristics proves men’s close connection to domesticity and to civil society. In such a manner, the comedy breaks the existing stereotypes about men and women as well as their salient characteristics. The women taking the initiative in the struggle as well as the men that are challenged by the existing protest create the reversal of social roles for the sake of making peace and harmony and re-uniting the Greek people. What is more, female pacifism is la rgely motivated by the sexual domain because there no mentioning of women’s sufferings as wives and mothers. Femininity and gender confrontation, therefore, is presented as both civilizing and aggressive. Under the circumstances initiated by main heroine, neither men and nor women are no longer stereotypical. Hence, the Athenians are not perceived as warriors igniting their powers and resources while fighting with the Spartans. Women are no longer loyal wives that are staying at home and waiting for their husband. For example, Myrrhine’s husband is fished out of water having no home to come back to and no fight to stand. Lysistrata together with other women, hence, rises up against men to achieve the peace; she sacrifices herself to the altar of social welfare. Hence, sex stereotypes are put in question to change the course of history and reverse the fight between the Athenians and the Spartans. Aristophanes intentionally prioritizes gender concerns to highlight their considerable impact on political decisions while negotiating the peace. Political Negotiation and Sexual Desire Women’s strategies and â€Å"weapon† against male political decisions turn out to be much more effective and they preside over existing political regime. Hence, women headed by Lysistrata makes an important declaration of war against their husbands for the sake of establishing peace. In their turn, men assess the women’s plot as a potential threat to their plan, which is highly mocked by the playwright. They began suspect women of all political horrors and disruptions, including collaboration and conspiracy with the Spartans: â€Å"The women are the pawns of those Spartan dogs./ They have betrayed us and for no cause./ Without sex what will happen to our great State?/ Democracy will end if we can’t copulate. † (Aristophanes 93) The political perversion introduces sexual perversion as well. Women ironically demonstrate that they can freely handle political issues and that they are able to stand against violence, injustice and war. They contribute to the established chaos, playing an essential rile in public affairs that build expression to the sense of Athenian community (Deats, Lenker, and Perry 58). In this respect, the main heroine is described as a spinning and carding figure because she dares to impose all males’ duties and obligations on her shoulders. In this respect, by capturing the political and domestic space, women prove that they are able to take control of any situation without men’s help. Thus, they emphasize the uselessness of starting wars and spreading hostility because everything can be resolved amicable. The art of negotiation is sophisticatedly represented by Lysistrata who selects tricky methods for persuading men to put an end to war (Deats, Lenker, and Perry 58). Intertwining sexual desire and political strategies, women manage to achieve the desirable results as men have to reco ncile with their aggression and ambitions and re-unite with their rivals. Conclusion In conclusion, the play under analysis can be considered as a peace play because it introduces struggle between men and women for the sake of establishing peace. Introducing the struggle between genders and protesting against war and violence, the main heroine makes men agree to stop the struggle and arrange peace in Greece. Lysistrata also manages to bring reconciliation when negotiation with men about the peace and representing herself as Reconciliation’s body. While applying to resolute measures, she provides the connection between political negotiation and sexual desire being closely intertwined in a tandem for peace making. In this respect, the main heroine together with other female characters are represents are the one considerably deviating from existing stereotypes and the one that break stereotypes about men. Moreover, Lysistrata is also considered as a symbol of peace, happiness, a nd pleasure that are incorporate in physical desires and domesticity. With regard to the above-stated arguments, Aristophanes’ play can be considered as a classical anti-war play that ironically represents males’ attempt to resist the adversities created by women. Establishing a rigid confrontation between the sexes, the playwright emphasizes close interdependence between human nature and communities goals where biological and physical needs significantly influence people’s decisions. In addition, the play also proves that women are capable of sustaining peace and control men’s decision. Their main strength in their concealed wisdom and intelligence and, in this respect, Lysistrata is embodiment of all those features; she is the messenger of peace and harmony in Greece. Works Cited Aristophanes. Lysistrata. US: Nick Hern Books, 1996. Print. Deats, Sara Munson, Lenker Langretta Tallent, and Merry Perry. War and Words: Horror and Heroism in the Literature o f Warfare. US: Lexington Books, 2004, Print. Dillon, Matthew. The Lysistrata as a Post-Deceleian Peace Play. Transactions of the American Philosophical Association. 117 (1987): 97-104. O’Higgins, Laurie. Women and Humor in Classical Greece. UK: Cambridge University Press, 2003. Print. Scolnicov, Hanna. Women’s Theatrical Space. UK: Cambridge University Press, 1994. Print. This essay on Lysistrata: An Anti-War Play was written and submitted by user Griffin Hurst to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.